Copyright work

A copyright work is an original intellectual creation in the literary, scientific and artistic domain, having an individual character, and being expressed in any manner whatsoever.

For the notion of a copyright work as a basic notion of copyright law it is essential that it concerns an original intellectual creation, or the creation of human intellectual creativity, respectively. Originality, in the sense of copyright law, does not require the absolute novelty, but the so-called subjective originality or the novelty in subjective sense is required. A work is considered to be subjectively original if the author does not imitate another work known to him. Furthermore, a work has to be in the literary, scientific, or artistic domain. In addition, it has to be pointed out that the mentioned concept has a broader meaning in the copyright law than literary works in the theory of literature or artistic works in the history of art. The copyright protection is enjoyed by expressions, comprising a tangible form of an idea, achieved by means of various means of expression such as written or spoken word, body movement, sound, as two dimensional and three dimensional forms.

Copyright works are in particular:·

  • works of language (written works, oral works, computer programs),

  • musical works, with or without words,

  • dramatic and dramatico-musical works,

  • choreographic works and works of pantomime,

  • works of visual art (in the field of painting, sculpture and graphics), and other works of visual arts,

  • works of architecture,

  • works of applied art and industrial design,

  • photographic works and works produced by a process similar to photography,

  • audiovisual works (cinematographic works, and works created in a manner similar to cinematographic creation),

  • cartographic works, presentations of a scientific or technical nature such as drawings, plans, sketches, tables, etc.

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